Did you know there are different forms of dementia? Dementia is a general term for loss of memory and mental abilities that end up interfering with daily life. There are many different forms of dementia, all physically changing the brain. Here are the 5 most common forms of dementia.
Alzheimer’s is the most common form of dementia, with 60-80 percent of those with dementia having Alzheimer’s. It is a progressive disease that destroys the memory and other mental functions. When a person has Alzheimer’s, their memory, thinking and behavior slowly worsen over time. Eventually, it will interfere with daily tasks, causing memory loss and confusion. Symptoms include confusion, inability recognize common things, mental decline, aggression, mood swings and depression.
- Vascular Dementia
The 2nd most common form of dementia is Vascular Dementia. This causes a decline in thinking skills due to the blockage and reduced blood flow to the brain, depriving brain cells and oxygen to the brain. Eventually, these blood cells will be killed. Vascular Dementia can occur suddenly, usually after a stroke. The symptoms include memory loss, confusion, disorientation, vision loss, trouble speaking and difficulty walking.
- Dementia with Lewy Bodies
Affecting 10-25 percent of those with dementia, Dementia with Lewy Bodies is the 3rd most common form. Lewy Bodies are brain abnormalities and the chief component is Alpha-synuclein protein, which is also found in those with Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Those with dementia with Lewy Bodies tend to have a hunched posture with rigid muscles and issues with movements such as shuffling while walking. Symptoms include changes in thinking and reasoning, confusion, delusions, memory loss, hallucinations and sleep disorders.
- Parkinson’s Disease Dementia
Parkinson’s Disease Dementia occurs when there is impairment in thinking and reasoning. This usually affects many of those with Parkinson’s, in fact 50 to 80 percent of people with Parkinson’s develops Parkinson’s Disease Dementia. This disease impacts the mental functions such as memory and the ability to pay attention. Symptoms include muffled speech, delusions, depression, sleep disturbances and issues with thinking.
- Huntington’s Disease
Huntington’s Disease is a progressive brain disorder caused by a defective gene and impacts movement, mood and thinking skills. The defective gene is a dominant gene, usually inherited from a parent. Usually, the disease develops between the ages of 30-50 causing uncontrolled movements of the arms, legs, face and upper body. Decline in thinking, judgement and planning also occurs. Alternations in mood like depression, anger and compulsive behaviors are also symptoms.
Are you or a loved one suffering from dementia? SMART Brain Aging can help. Contact us today to learn about our in-person and online cognitive therapy options.
By reading this blog, I acknowledge that I am not creating or entering a clinical or medical relationship with Dr. DenBoer and SMART Brain Aging. I understand that all materiel included in this blog is strictly for informational purposes only. The content is to provide me with information and knowledge and I will not substitute it for diagnosis, treatment or medical advice. I am aware the author does not hold a medical degree or license and is simply providing me additional information on a variety of health topics.